Volume. 11957

Scholar conducts comparative studies on Iranian and Western contemplation
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The Iranian scholar Mohammad Baqaii Makan in an undated photo (ILNA/Meysam Eslami)
The Iranian scholar Mohammad Baqaii Makan in an undated photo (ILNA/Meysam Eslami)
TEHRAN -- The Iranian scholar Mohammad Baqaii Makan has recently completed a research project, which provides a comparative analysis about Iranian and Western contemplation of various human, social and philosophical subjects.
The studies are to be published in a book entitled “Iranian Contemplations”, which will be released by Rasanesh Publications at the 27th Tehran International Book Fair that will be running from April 30 to May 10, the Persian service of ISNA reported on Thursday.
“This book is about the thoughts which were first expressed by Iranians scholars and sages, but the thoughts were then restated in the Western world, which resulted in the west being registered in history as the creator of these thoughts,” Baqaii Makan told ISNA.
He gave many examples from various categories. 
Meliorism, a doctrine that the world tends to become better or may be made better by human effort, which was expressed by various Western scholars, had been previously been stated in Mazda-Yasna, an ancient Iranian religion, he said.
“If you take a look at works of some Western writers like (German–Swiss author) Hermann Hesse, you see many of the issues that were previously discussed by Khayyam, Rumi, Attar and several other Iranian sages. Some of the Western scholars were strongly influenced by Iranian culture. For example: Hesse was very familiar with the Oriental culture and Nietzsche was also. We learn from Nietzsche’s ‘Thus Spoke Zarathustra’ that he was familiar with Iranian culture. He referred to many Iranian mystics and sages in some of his works. Goethe did likewise,” he stated.
In one of its chapters, the book highlights Iran’s cultural achievements in modern times. The major cultural accomplishments of the Middle East such as the establishment of the polytechnic educational center (Dar-ul-Fonun) and constitutionalism, which were first developed in Iran, have been discussed in this chapter.
Baqaii Makan is the author of “From Golabdarreh to Hong Kong”, a comparative study of cultural institutions in 10 countries in Asia and Europe, which was published in February 2013.
He has also written “Iqbal and Ten Other Luminaries”, a comparative study of the thoughts and ideas of Pakistani poet Sir Muhammad Iqbal and those of ten other luminaries including Molana Rumi, Homer, Hermann Hesse, Suhrawardi, Sanaii and Nietzsche.

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