By Sajad Abedi

Information dominance

January 24, 2018

TEHRAN - During a multi-screen inquiry in 1998, Joseph S. Nye pointed out that obtaining data and information is likely the new axis of U.S. international intelligence, replacing its military capabilities. objectives.

The claim was based on a very simple deduction: gaining intelligence information will determine the objective of U.S. rivals and hence, will allow preemptive measures to deter hostile acts. In this scenario, America’s allies must provide complete and necessary information to the United States in order for it to fulfill its national security objectives.

Today, the concepts of cyber security, cyber defense and cyber-bullying have replaced the notion of information dominance. Of course, there are no official American publications that describe the use of U.S. cyber security doctrines, but this concept has been introduced or revived in many recent White House documents.

In 2017, a documentary titled International Strategy for Cyber Space was released by the White House. International Strategy for Cyber Space addresses future cyberspace prospects and presents it as an open space with the ability to perform secure and reliable joint operations.  

The documentary states that this can be achieved through the application of norms based on known principles such as freedom of information and a right for privacy in order to provide a solid and sustainable atmosphere. According to the norms presented, there is a collective challenge that requires states to adopt "acceptable" and "responsible" behaviors in the United States. To achieve these norms, the United States intends to combine diplomatic and defense methods and develop a "thriving and secure" textbook for users of informatics techniques. 

One of America's top priorities is the development of an aggressive military sector that will, in return, produce 21st century security challenges. The document emphasizes that it must "consolidate military alliances to face potential cyber space threats."  

It further explains that in order to increase collective security, there is a need for secure and reliable military networks cooperating with its allies and other international and national partners.  In this context, the United States continues to "cooperate with its military and civilian opposition to its partners ... to develop cyber defense facilities and methods of defense."  

Such partnerships reinforce collective deterrence and support the United States against state and non-state actors.

The document censored state-owned cyber-threats while preparing the United States to respond to them. It seems that this approach does not come from a solitary perspective, but is collective in nature.  Current advanced capabilities, especially in the field of assigning malicious acts and offensive equipment, are exclusively available to the United States. In the International Strategy for Cyber Space documentary, the United States has emphasized cyber security in its collective nature and the need for close cooperation with its allies. 

The Pentagon also confirms this approach in the documentary. Strategic Clause #4 of Building Close Relationships with American Partners states: "The U.S. Department of Defense needs to bring its formal and informal collaboration into cyberspace to develop a collective self-defense concept and increase collective deterrence to expand partnerships and alliances.” 

While the development of cyberspace deterrence is necessary calling for preventive measures to the rapid development of threats, there are many challenges in creating it.  Currently, only the United States has equipment and structures that allow them to master these challenges. However, Washington cannot exclusively operate such a system.  Therefore, it seeks to expand its partnerships with its allies by invoking other state research facilities to facilitate the identification of authorities for a deep-seated attack and strengthen the deterrent policy that can be taken by its allies.

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