|External meddling, main reason for spread of crisis in Syria||
The rise of terrorist attacks in the heart of Syrian capital has been viewed by rebels and their external supporters as a chance to paralyze the government’s defenses. Several high-profile security figures were killed and injured in a bomb at the Syrian National Security Bureau in Damascus. However, the Syrian government recovered and proved its capability in controlling the security situation.
After the government regained control of the capital, the anti-terrorist operation continued in Aleppo, where the rebels have tried to establish a stronghold in the city. This shows the Syrian government’s capability in controlling the situation on the ground and demonstrates the deceitfulness of Western and Arab media. The recent incidents also prove that political future in Syria favors the government, not the rebels.
However, the Syrian government has yet to prove its full military control, especially in the border areas. The increasing wave of militarization in Syria is the main reason behind the spread of violence, resulting in a complex situation on the ground. The government is also worried about foreign intervention. President Bashar al-Assad should speed up his promises to implement reform, otherwise he could become unstuck.
Syrian Kurds are also experiencing a totally different situation than before. The concentration of government forces in the Kurdish region has dramatically decreased and the majority of Kurds have fled to border areas with Turkey. The military presence of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, commonly known as PKK, and its offshoots in the border areas is regarded as a serious threat to Turkey’s security. By pursuing this strategic move, Syria is counteracting Turkey’s continuous support for the Syrian rebels.
Sadly, in Syria external forces are more decisive than internal factors. This bodes ill for a simple political settlement to the conflict.
Hossein Ruivaran is a Middle East expert based in Tehran.
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