Volume. 12227

Iran’s Human Development Index shows gains: UN official
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c_330_235_16777215_0___images_stories_edim_02_ep4(69).jpgTEHRAN – Iran’s Human Development Index (HDI) has shown gains between 1980 and 2012, Gary Lewis, United Nations Resident Coordinator and United Nations Development Program Resident Representative in Iran, said in Tehran on Tuesday.    
The HDI is a composite measure of health, education, and income that was introduced in the first Human Development Report in 1990 as an alternative to purely economic assessments of national progress, such as GDP growth. 
According to the 2013 Human Development Report - which presents HDI values and ranks for 187 countries and UN-recognized territories, along with the Inequality-adjusted HDI for 132 countries, the Gender Inequality Index for 148 countries, and the Multidimensional Poverty Index for 104 countries - Iran’s HDI value for 2012 is 0.742 — in the high human development category - positioning the country at 76 out of 187 countries and territories. 
Between 1980 and 2012, Iran’s HDI value increased from 0.443 to 0.742, an increase of 67 percent or average annual increase of about 1.6 percent.
The rank of Iran’s HDI for 2011 based on data available in 2012 and methods used in 2012 was 74 out of 187 countries. In the 2011 HDI, Iran was ranked 88 out of 187 countries. 
However, according to the report, it is misleading to compare values and rankings with those of previously published reports, because the underlying data and methods have changed.
Iran’s 2012 HDI of 0.742 is below the average of 0.758 for countries in the high human development group and above the average of 0.558 for countries in South Asia. From South Asia, countries which are close to Iran in 2012 HDI rank and population size are Bangladesh and Pakistan, which have HDIs ranked 146 and 146 respectively. 

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