Volume. 11981

Israel, U.S. divided over Iran nuclear deal
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c_330_235_16777215_0_http___tehrantimes.com_images_stories_famous_02_am32.jpgIsrael insists Iran be denied uranium enrichment capabilities under a potentially imminent nuclear deal, a demand that risks opening a new Israeli-United States rift, Reuters quoted officials as saying on Wednesday.
The dispute, a major topic for a visit to Jerusalem by U.S. National Security Adviser Susan Rice on Wednesday and Thursday, appeared part of Israeli efforts to weigh in on world powers’ difficult talks with Tehran before a July 20 date for a deal.
A November interim accord easing sanctions on Iran made clear Washington and five other world powers would let it enrich uranium on a reduced scale under a final agreement on Tehran’s nuclear program. But Israel wants the Iranians to be stripped of all nuclear projects.
“Are we going to agree on enrichment? No,” an Israeli government adviser briefed on Rice’s visit told Reuters.
“We would be happy to see July 20 pass without a deal,” the adviser said, adding that there was worry in Israel that Obama, facing possible gains by Republican rivals in the mid-term U.S. elections of November, might be tempted to accommodate Iran now.
This view seems unlikely to go down well with Obama, a second-term Democrat who has sparred in the past with Israel’s right-wing prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, over strategies for Iran and peacemaking with the Palestinians.
The adviser described Israel’s hard line as sincere but declarative, rather than a prelude to a new Middle East war, and a signal to supporters in the U.S. Congress to keep up pressure on U.S. President Barack Obama not to compromise with Iran.
Rice tweeted that she was “looking forward to robust and intensive consultations” in Israel and that the allies’ security cooperation “has never been stronger”. On Tuesday, White House spokesman Jay Carney said her visit to Israel would not produce any new developments regarding Iran.
Russia, which is among the six world powers negotiating with Iran, said parts of the final agreement could be agreed at a scheduled meeting in Vienna next week.
Some Western diplomats and experts privately acknowledge forcing Iran to halt all uranium enrichment activities, as stipulated in UN Security Council resolutions, is unrealistic given the scale of the program and resistance from Tehran.
Speaking on condition of anonymity, a U.S. official said Rice came to Israel “representing the six powers”, adding, “The question of enrichment, how many (uranium purification) centrifuges Iran should keep, is the big one.”
The U.S. official voiced confidence that a deal with Iran, if achieved, would prevent its heavy water facility at Arak from producing significant amounts of plutonium.

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