By Sajad Abedi

ISIL and proxy war; Increasing Iranian influence and power in the region

December 23, 2017

TEHRAN _ The expansion of ISIL's militant group's activities geographically and inhumanely cannot undoubtedly be achieved without the coordination and support of the security apparatus of the countries of the region and the world.

Given the costs that some of the countries in the region, including Saudi Arabia - one of the leverage of the balance of power in the region on the West - have been suffering after the region's transformation after the fall of Saddam Hussein and the Arab Middle East developments, the establishment of a war on Iran's borders due to concerns Increasing Iran's influence and influence and the influence of security and intelligence on the country could be one of the reasons for the continued operation of this militant group.

With the beginning of the Arab countries' transformation since 2011 in Tunisia and extending it to other Arab states in the Middle East, the region's political-security structure has changed. On the one hand, these developments have led to the emergence of radical Islamist groups that have emerged in Syria following a lockup and a deadlock in the liberation movement. On the other hand, it provided a forum for a rapid growth of a group such as ISIL, which had been named al-Qaeda along with other radical names for the past two or two years. The group changed the playground completely by taking widespread parts of the West of Iraq and the east of Syria and expanding its actions to other countries and turning it from a guerrilla group to an overnight country.

Indeed, the rapid growth of a rebel group that does not adhere to any of the international laws, and takes possession of widespread parts of eastern Iraq and western Syria, over a period of several months, the total amount of which is in the size and size of the United Kingdom Cannot be justified in the form of spontaneous and radical movements of a radical group.

Accordingly, if we accept that countries in the region, such as Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar, are somehow drawn from the curvature of the transfer of power, financial support and military equipment to this group, of course, with the support of Western powers, especially the United States, should they accept that their policies have changed as influential powers in maintaining stability and balance of power? Is Saudi seeking gendarme in the Persian Gulf region? Is Turkey looking to revive the Ottoman Empire in the region? Does the Qatari government seek huge financial resources to become an influential pole in the region? And most importantly, how can these countries achieve their goals?

Surely, Iran is considered one of the main powers of the region and one of the main rivals of these countries, especially Saudi Arabia and Turkey. ISIL, which is free from all forms of adherence to any international treaty and treaty, seems to be the executive arm of the regional power policies. ISIS, as it has shown so far, has put its energy to its expansion and influence in the region. In other words, ISIL's policies are largely outspoken and least attention to the satisfaction and welfare of the citizens of their occupied territories, which would be potentially dangerous for Iran. Because it is not provides only the incentive for this group to violate the borders of Iran, but also the possibility of its actualization at all.

Indeed, the developments in Syria, Iraq, Bahrain and Yemen, which actually led to the country's siege on its borders and increased Iran's influence in the region, has raised Arab concern and dissatisfaction. In fact, Saudi Arabia and Western powers are concerned that in spite of the large investments of the Western-Arab coalition, the regional balance has changed in favor of the resistance of Iran and has been affected by the rise and spread of ISIL in the region. Most of the countries in the region, the borders of Iran have not been influenced by this group.

Accordingly, engaging Iran in pro-war wars, including the Islamic State's influence on Iran, to reduce Iran's power and influence in the region, is based on the strategies pursued in the past few years by Saudi Arabia and its supporting countries.

In fact, one of the main reasons for the expansion of ISIS's activities can be the program of regional and global powers to combat Iran's influence in the region. The area under the influence of ISIL is a vast region of Syria and Iraq, and this terrorist group continues to advance. If there were no financial support from the Persian Gulf States, the power of this group should have been reduced after more than two years.

It will also be possible to consider whether ISIS will deal with its supporters and sponsors. Is this alliance between these countries and ISIS a temporary and short-term solution or a long-term strategy? In the first hypothesis, with the provision of relative stability in the territory of this group, the challenges and conflicts will move toward the Arab states of the Persian Gulf in the south and Turkey in the north. In the latter case, ISIS will play a role as the puppet element of Iran's regional rivals, which can challenge the western borders of Iran by provoking religious motives.

Thus, the challenges of the region changed over the course of one or two years from the softness-changes in the internal structure-to the hard-wars and rebellion. In the analysis of the causes of emergence, the leading challenges and, consequently, the determination of the direction of defense strategies, a basic approach can be considered. In this approach, the weight of analysis is given on the scene of the global powers, and the regional forces are the majority of the vertebrae playing on the enemy's ground. In fact, regional countries and world powers with the aim of balancing power in the region and reducing the influence and power of Iran in the region are moving in the same direction and under the leadership of world powers, and the establishment of a war on the borders of Iran is one of the tools of these countries.

Undoubtedly, any action taken by the enemies of the Islamic Republic of Iran against the country takes place with the specific purpose and motive that the political, security and military officials of the country are also very prominent in this matter. As the secretary of the Supreme National Security Council made a statement on the program designed by his regional domination system, "to create ethnic and religious differences, and to exploit self-propagating elements; their goal is to deal with the development in the region." Engaging in domestic capacities and preventing are the co-operation and progress of the Iranian people. "

After eight years of Iraq's war against Iran, the country has enjoyed considerable stability in most areas. This is while most countries in the region are involved in endless conflicts inside and outside their borders. Along with the stability and security of Iran in the crisis region of the Middle East, Iran's influence and influence have been more than ever before. With the all of the Taliban in Afghanistan and Saddam Hussein in Iraq, Iran became the most beneficial. Governments in the two countries were in office, which until then were among the main threats to the country, but after the overthrow of the Taliban and Saddam, Iran was one of the few countries that had the highest levels of influence in these countries. All of these issues have been raised and Iran's stability and security has given Iran regional and international adversaries the challenge to challenge Iran's internal and regional security and stability, the most important of which is the establishment of no-fly war through ISIL at the borders of Iran. 

However, the Supreme Leader gave a clear answer to the malicious intentions of the enemies in the 3rd June, 2015, at the graduation ceremony of the students of the officer and training students of Imam Hussein University. Referring to the news that the malicious people of the nation and some officials in the Persian Gulf region were trying to draw fierce battles on the borders of Iran, he said: "The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) and all national security guards are awake and awake in the armed forces, and if they are deeply rooted, The reaction of the Islamic Republic of Iran will be very difficult.”

It seems that the activities of terrorist groups in the region continue to exist as long as there is no consensus to completely eliminate them. Undoubtedly, the interests of some countries will be met if the crisis continues in the Middle East. Therefore, the risk of terrorism will endure the region for a long time. Iran has been able to protect its borders by various means to date and become a stable country in the region. But according to the official documents of the officials of the enemies and rivals of the regional and world countries on the one hand, and the emphasis of the country's security and military officials, this stability is not acceptable to some of the regional powers and their western supporters, and the direction affected. Putting the country's order and security and security and intelligence inside the country and taking crisis measures will not hesitate to take any action. Therefore, attention and a deeper focus of the country's intelligence system than any hard and hard work of the enemies of the past, along with preserving the security of the borders, are necessary in terms of military and security methods.

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