By Sajad Abedi

Modern management and requirements in the age of information

February 18, 2018

TEHRAN - Undoubtedly, the creation of compatibility in different aspects of the organization with environmental changes and the use of tools that are increasingly available to managers with the advancement of technology is not only necessary, but the life of organizations in today's volatile and turbulent environments depends on this. Managers may pursue new organizational designs with different motivations. 

Different ages have different fundamentals. Information and communication technology is one of the important features of the information age that allows the design of new organizational forms, new control systems, the re-engineering of organizational processes, and so on. The signs of the information age are seen everywhere. Personal computers, interactive media, global communications networks, e-publications, digital libraries, and the like are an expression of the information age. The amount of information generated in the past two decades alone is greater than all information produced in the last millennium. The role of information professionals in the new age has become important because they are aware of how organizations organize, manage and exploit the information assets of organizations and can reveal the strategic value of information for all organizations. 

The economy that are wealthy knowledge and information workers produce often well-known for information-based economies. In such economies, GDP is generated through the creation, processing, and transfer of information. An economy based on information economy, the vast majority of its activities include information work, employing knowledge and information workers, and the wealth of its information economy depends on the productivity of the knowledgeable employees. Information-based economies are dependent on the creation and use of information and information systems.

Different epochs have no definite starting points, they gradually appear and subtle. First, they are aware that a fundamental thing is happening, and then they will present a new worldview. Hesitation about the common worldview usually begins with the emergence of dilemmas. The dilemma is an issue or question that cannot be resolved or responded to with the common worldview. Therefore, there is doubt about it.
The age of information has started with this dilemma, making decisions in turbulent environments, without ever reaching the relevant information, is practically confusing. The mindset of managers and scientists is obvious to management information systems. In fact, the vast majority of these systems are a source of concern for all management issues. The passion for these systems is understandable. These systems make use of the most exciting tools of the time, computers between dreamers and information system designers. Although such passion is understandable, some exaggerations cannot be justified. In addition, the use of information requires changes in the organization, without which the managers' expectations will not actually be realized. 

One of the real shortcomings of managers in work activities is lack of information. Of course, this does not mean that they would have performed better if they had all the relevant information as well. Experience has shown that the performance of many managers is not due to the fact that they first suffer from redundancy of information, and secondly, they have not designed their organization to match the changes in the information age. 

The challenges of the information age are not limited to one part, but all sectors of society are under its influence. Organizations are not excluded from this rule. The main sources of an organization are not just traditional sources of human resources, finance, organization, and technology; organizations are now focusing more on their information assets and knowledge. Managing information and knowledge resources is a strategic necessity in the life of organizations and doing work activities. 

In the information age, most data and data managers receive information that they cannot attract even if they spend all their time. They suffer from overload of information. 

Therefore, we need to look for mechanisms to meet the information needs of our users. Designing and deploying appropriate information systems are one of these mechanisms. It can be said that the most important task of information systems is to clear and clear information. In other words, the first and perhaps most important step in designing organizations appropriate to the information age is the design of appropriate information systems. 

It is usually said that more information about the work of other managers and their units makes it easier for managers to coordinate their activities. This is not necessarily true. Competition between the managers of a unit of an organization is often intense and immoral, and if the coordination systems are not properly implemented, more information may be used in a destructive way. Therefore, for the effective use of information, the improvement of coordination mechanisms in the organization is also very necessary. 

Human beings in the third millennium, having left behind the "age of communication" and entering the "information age", entered into a space in which the entire world is a part of a network of countries and institutions and nations. In this space, new threats and opportunities have emerged and all the issues and issues of our environment have become global. In this space, the boundaries have become glass, from which everything is seen. We must admit that the explosion of information and globalization summed up the world in a small city, which controls and observes the eye of a rotating turret in its entirety. 

The information society is a community in which everyone can create, access, use, and respect information and knowledge. People who want to rule themselves must equip themselves with the power of consciousness. A government without popular information and means of obtaining it equals tragedy or comedy, or both. The realization of the notion of citizenship is in the information society, the right to and free access to information. We must see the principle of a basic intelligence community, such as the right to know, the right to be a citizen and a citizen. 

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