DOE to set up system for monitoring pollutants, greenhouse gases

June 6, 2022 - 17:29

TEHRAN – A system for the measurement, reporting, and verification (MRV) for pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions will be established at the Department of Environment (DOE), ISNA reported on Monday.

“This system helps the government to measure economic, social, and environmental indicators and provides the opportunity to objectively assess progress in achieving national development goals as well as the effectiveness of policies, programs, and regulations in the field of local pollutants, greenhouse gases and climate change.

It will be used as a prerequisite for achieving a green economy and market-oriented development.

Greenhouse gas emissions inventories, energy and emissions reduction measures, climate change adaptation, support for financial mechanisms, capacity building, and training courses, technology transfer, and the national air pollution emissions index are among the activities of the system,” Golnaz Pourabedin, head of the energy department of the national center for climate change at the DOE, explained.

Life-threatening environmental factor

Air pollution is one of the life-threatening environmental factors. The effects of air pollution on human health have long been considered, since the early 1990s, air pollution in cities, especially in the metropolises of developing countries, has been recognized as one of the most important environmental concerns in the world.

It will be used as a prerequisite for achieving a green economy and market-oriented development. According to experts, airborne particles can cause short-term and long-term effects on the health of residents of polluted areas. Air pollution has diverse impacts on different people, which appears more on vulnerable groups such as children and the elderly. 

Three million people die of air pollution each year, and in some countries, the number of people who die from the same factor is higher than the number of victims of traffic accidents. Air pollution is one of the most important preconditions for sustainable development due to its implications for the living conditions of future generations, which may be affected by many potential factors.

Air pollution kills 7m people worldwide

Air pollution is the contamination of the indoor or outdoor environment by any chemical, physical or biological agent that modifies the natural characteristics of the atmosphere. Household combustion devices, motor vehicles, industrial facilities, and forest fires are common sources of air pollution. Pollutants of major public health concern include particulate matter, carbon monoxide, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, and sulfur dioxide.

Outdoor and indoor air pollution cause respiratory and other diseases and is an important source of morbidity and mortality.

Air pollution kills an estimated seven million people worldwide every year. WHO data shows that almost all of the global population (99%) breathe air that exceeds WHO guideline limits containing high levels of pollutants, with low- and middle-income countries suffering from the highest exposures.

Air pollution is responsible for around 40,000 premature deaths in Iran annually, Mohammad-Sadeq Hassanvand, head of the air pollution research center at Tehran University of Medical Sciences, said in July 2020.

From smog hanging over cities to smoke inside the home, air pollution poses a major threat to health and climate. The combined effects of ambient (outdoor) and household air pollution cause millions of premature deaths every year, largely as a result of increased mortality from stroke, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, and acute respiratory infections.

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