Iranian scientists produce liquid-based cytology kit

April 26, 2019

TEHRAN— Iranian scientists at Isfahan Science and Technology Town have succeeded in domestic production of liquid-based cytology kit used in cervical cancer screening, ISNA news agency reported on Wednesday.

Cervical screening has been shown to reduce the incidence of cervical cancer, but only in the setting of well organized, high quality programmes.

Liquid-based cytology is a method of preparing samples for examination in cytopathology. The sample is collected, normally by a small brush, in the same way as for a conventional smear test, but rather than the smear being transferred directly to a microscope slide, the sample is deposited into a small bottle of preservative liquid. At the laboratory the liquid is treated to remove other elements such as mucus before a layer of cells is placed on a slide. The technique allows more accurate results.

The process is being widely used in the United States, many European countries, and elsewhere.

Cervical cancer is a cancer arising from the cervix. It is due to the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Human papillomavirus infection (HPV) causes more than 90% of cases; most people who have had HPV infections, however, do not develop cervical cancer.

According to World Health Organization cervical cancer is the fourth most frequent cancer in women with an estimated 570,000 new cases in 2018 representing 6.6% of all female cancers. Approximately 90% of deaths from cervical cancer occurred in low- and middle-income countries. The high mortality rate from cervical cancer globally could be reduced through a comprehensive approach that includes prevention, early diagnosis, effective screening and treatment programmes.

MQ/MG

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