Niasar’s Chahar-Taq exemplar of Sassanid architecture, tourism official says 

August 2, 2022 - 21:2

TEHRAN—A tourism official has said Niasar’s Chahar-Taq, which is an ancient square-shaped brick room surmounted by a domed roof, is an exemplar of fine architecture in the time of Sassanids.

“Niasar’s Chahar-Taq (Chahartaq) is a clear example of architectural knowledge and construction technology in the Sassanid period, and people feel responsible for this magnificent work as a national and transnational cultural heritage,” ISNA quoted Kashan’s tourism chief Ahmad Danaeinia as saying on Tuesday.

Danaeinia made the remarks after an unauthorized attempt to widen a nearby read posed a potential threat to the ancient monument, the report said.

“Yesterday, some people, without coordination, attempted to widen a road that crosses near the monument. However, the operation was stopped with the timely presence of the cultural heritage protection unit, and upon the order of the Kashan’s prosecutor,” the official said.

“We do our best to remove obstacles, but, based on our mission and duty, we are obliged to safeguard the cultural heritage of our country, which is the pride of every Iranian…. and we will not give up any efforts in this regard,” the official said.

Experts say this architectural form turned into the most typical form of Sassanid religious architecture, relating closely to the expansion and stabilization of Zoroastrianism under the Sassanid reign and continuing during the Islamic era thanks to its usage in religious and holy buildings such as mosques and tombs.

Arts and architecture at the time of Sassanids

The Sassanid era (224 CE–651) is of very high importance in the history of Iran. Under Sassanids, Persian art and architecture experienced a general renaissance. Architecture often took grandiose proportions, such as palaces at Ctesiphon, Firuzabad, and Sarvestan, which are amongst the highlights of the ensemble.

Crafts such as metalwork and gem-engraving grew highly sophisticated, yet scholarship was encouraged by the state. In those years, works from both the East and West were translated into Pahlavi, the language of the Sassanians.

Rock-carved sculptures and bas-reliefs on abrupt limestone cliffs are widely deemed as characteristics and striking relics of Sassanian art, top examples of which can be traced at Bishapur, Naqsh-e Rostam, and Naqsh-e Rajab in southern Iran.

In 2018, UNESCO added an ensemble of Sassanian historical cities in southern Iran — titled “Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars Region”-- to its World Heritage list. The ensemble comprises eight archaeological sites situated in three geographical parts of Firuzabad, Bishapur, and Sarvestan. It reflects the optimized utilization of natural topography and bears witness to the influence of Achaemenid and Parthian cultural traditions and of Roman art, which later had a significant impact on the architecture and artistic styles of the Islamic era.

Efforts made by the Sassanids also yield a revival of Iranian nationalism took place, for example, Zoroastrianism was declared the state religion. The dynasty evolved by Ardashir I and was destroyed by the Arabs during the period from 637 to 651. The dynasty was named after Sasan, an ancestor of Ardashir I.

Under his leadership, who reigned from 224 to 241, the Sassanians overthrew the Parthians and created an empire that was constantly changing in size as it reacted to Rome and Byzantium to the west and the Kushans and Hephthalites to the east, according to Britannica Encyclopedia.

At the time of Shapur I (reigned 241 CE–272), the empire stretched from Sogdiana and Iberia (Georgia) in the north to the Mazun region of Arabia in the south; in the east, it extended to the Indus River, and in the west to the upper Tigris and Euphrates river valleys.

According to UNESCO, the ancient cities of Ardashir Khurreh and Bishapur include the most significant remaining testimonies of the earliest moments of the Sassanid Empire, the commencement under Ardashir I, and the establishment of power under both Ardashir I and his successor Shapur I.

“The architecture of the Sassanid monuments in the property further illustrates early examples of construction of domes with squinches on square spaces, such as in the Chahar-Taq buildings, where the four sides of the square room show arched openings: this architectural form turned into the most typical form of Sassanid religious architecture, relating closely to the expansion and stabilization of Zoroastrianism under Sassanid reign and continuing during the Islamic era thanks to its usage in religious and holy buildings such as mosques and tombs,” the UN cultural body said in its website.

The Sassanid archaeological landscape also represents a highly efficient system of land use and strategic utilization of natural topography in the creation of the earliest cultural centers of the Sassanid civilization.

AFM

Leave a Comment

0 + 0 =