By staff and agency

Russia warns Europe of devastating consequences if it refers Iran to UN Security Council

January 21, 2020 - 20:33

Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov has said that referring Iran’s case to the UN Security Council by Europe will have devastating consequences.

Russia cautions “hotheads in Europe” that may have the illusion that moving the whole issue to the UN Security Council will help resolve the problem, Famagusta Gazette quoted him as saying on Tuesday.

Such a step may have devastating consequences, he said, adding that “currently there is a crucial moment and everyone should be careful and balanced in their actions.”

Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif warned on Monday that Iran will consider the option of quitting the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) if the Europeans refer Iran’s nuclear case to the UN Security Council.

“If they (Europeans) take any action, the issue of quitting the NPT will be raised based on the letter of the President dating May 2018,” Zarif told ICANA.

France, Germany and the United Kingdom, the three European states signatory to the JCPOA, issued a joint statement on January 14, announcing they have formally triggered the dispute mechanism which could bring the issue before the UN Security Council.

“Steps in reducing the [JCPOA] commitments have already been taken. However, Iran will quit the NPT if the Europeans continue their behavior or send Iran’s case to the Security Council,” Zarif stated.

Zarif went on to say that the Foreign Ministry is legally pursuing the triggering of dispute mechanism by Europeans. 

“The Islamic Republic of Iran officially started the dispute mechanism in May 2018 after the United States’ withdrawal from the JCPOA. Three letters were sent to Mrs. Mogherini [then European Union foreign policy chief] on May 10, 2018, August 26, 2018 and November 2018 in which it was announced officially that Iran has started the dispute mechanism.”

He added, “In the letter which was sent in November 2018, we said that Iran has started the dispute mechanism and therefore, we have no choice but to reduce commitments to the JCPOA.”

“After the aforementioned letter, the Islamic Republic of Iran gave the European Union seven months and then started to reduce the JCPOA commitments in May 2019,” the foreign minister explained.

Zarif noted that Iran will reverse its decision once the Europeans return to their commitments.

U.S. President Donald Trump quit the nuclear deal, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, in May 2018 and introduced the harshest ever sanctions in history on Iran as part of his administration’s “maximum pressure” strategy against Iran.

On May 8, 2019, exactly one year after the U.S. illegal move, the Supreme National Security Council (SNSC) announced that Tehran’s “strategic patience” is over and ordered the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) to start reducing commitments to JCPOA at bi-monthly intervals. 

Since that date, Iran has been insisting that if the European side takes concrete measures to shield Iran’s economy from sanctions Tehran will reverse its decisions.

Iran has said its decision is based paragraph 36 of the JCPOA “which allows one side, under certain circumstances, to stop complying with the deal if the other side is out of compliance.”

Seeing no action on the part of Europeans, early this month Iran took the last and final step of ending its JCPOA commitments. However, Iran insisted the Europeans still have the chance to save the JCPOA.

Under the dispute resolution mechanism, countries have 30 days to resolve the problem, though that can be extended. If it cannot be solved, the matter could be brought before the UN Security Council and could then result in the snapback of sanctions that had been lifted under the deal, according to The Guardian.

Chairman of the Majlis Nuclear Committee Mojtaba Zonnour said on Monday that Iran will mull leaving the NPT if the Europeans fail to salvage the pact before the 60-day deadline set by Iran.


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