Iran eyes UNESCO tag for Bastam historical complex 

June 24, 2022 - 17:51

TEHRAN – Iran is preparing to put forward the Bastam historical complex as a candidate for inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage list. 

The ancient complex is situated in Bastam, which is located near Shahroud in the north-central province of Semnan.

It has long been one of the most important and special requests of the region’s people to register the complex globally, Semnan’s governor said on Wednesday.

It is estimated that the global registration of the Bastam historical complex will require 300 billion rials (one million dollars) of budge, Seyyed Mohammadreza Hashemi said. 

However, several special working groups should be formed to expedite the process, he mentioned.

Bastam historical complex includes the holy shrine of Mohammad Ibn Jafar Sadegh (AS), Bayazid Bastami tomb, Bayazid Monastery, Bayazid Mosque, Eljaito Iwan, Ghazan Dome, Jame Mosque, Kashaneh Tower, and Shahrokhieh School, which were built in different eras from Seljuk era (1037–1194) to Qajar period (1789–1925). 

The prominent Persian mystic Bayazid Bastami lived in the historical city of Bastam, which is located six kilometers north of Shahroud. The monastery was a simple place where he studied and prayed. 

Ghazan Khan, the 13th-century ruler of Ilkhanate in Iran, is buried in the Ghazan Dome, which is a square building of 7.5 height and a dome covered with turquoise tiles.

Jame Mosque is another building from the complex with a beautiful plastered altar that was restored during the Qajar period. 

Kashaneh Tower is a tower connected to the Jame Mosque. It has a cellar that is connected to the top of the tower through a staircase that runs through the interior wall of the tower. The outer covering of the building has collapsed but the lower covering (the current dome) is untouched.

Shahrokhieh School has been built for the use of seminary students with 28 rooms on two floors. 

The school also has a very interesting plan and about 28 rooms on two floors, which have been built for the use of students of religious sciences.

The school has a mosque, an iwan, and a zurkhaneh, a special traditional place where men practice heroic sport.


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