Historical hills, sites, mansions in Hamedan made national heritage

January 30, 2021 - 17:43

TEHRAN – A total of 13 historical sites and aging structures across Iran’s Hamedan province have recently been inscribed on the national heritage list in a bid to receive more protection than ever before.

The Ministry of Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts announced the inscriptions on Saturday in separate official letters it submitted to the governor-general of the west-central province.

Archaeological hills of Bujan, Shir-Ali, Ganjuran, and Aq-Tape as well as historical sites of Zinuabad and Anjire Sarabi were among the new entries into the prestigious list. 

The list also includes Merianj Bridge, Samavati, Mirabian and Mazuchi mansions, and Tuyserkan Tobacco Company.

Known in classical times as Ecbatana, Hamedan was one of the ancient world’s greatest cities. Pitifully little remains from antiquity, but significant parts of the city center are given over to excavations. Ecbatana was the capital of Media and subsequently a summer residence of the Achaemenian kings who ruled Persia from 553 to 330 BC.

Hamadan has had many names: it was possibly the Bit Daiukki of the Assyrians, Hangmatana, or Agbatana, to the Medes, and Ecbatana to the Greeks. One of the Median capitals, under Cyrus II (the Great; died 529 BC) and later Achaemenian rulers, it was the site of a royal summer palace. 

About 1220 Hamedan was destroyed by the Mongols. In 1386 it was sacked by Timur (Tamerlane), a Turkic conqueror, and the inhabitants massacred. It was partly restored in the 17th century and subsequently changed hands often between Iranian ruling houses and the Ottomans. 

Sitting on a high plain, Hamedan is graciously cool in August but snow prone and freezing from December to March. In summer the air is often hazy.

Ali Sadr cave, Ganjnameh inscriptions, Avicenna Mausoleum, Hegmataneh hill, Alaviyan dome, Jameh mosque, and St. Stephanos Gregorian Church are amongst Hamedan’s attractions to name a few.


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