Work starts to restore and protect ancient mosque in Qazvin 

June 27, 2021 - 18:45

TEHRAN – Jameh Mosque of Qazvin, which is one of the oldest congregational mosques in Iran, has undergone some rehabilitation works, the deputy provincial tourism chief has said. 

A budget of 2.5 billion rials (about $60,000 at the official exchange rate of 42,000 rials per dollar) has been allocated to the project, Ehsan Nourani announced on Sunday. 

Strengthening the inner shell of the mosque, insulation, replacing worn-out bricks, and repairing plasterworks are parts of the restoration project, which is being carried out by the experienced restorers and cultural heritage experts, the official added. 

Locally known as the Masjid-e-Jameh Atiq, the mosque is originally built on the site of a Sassanid fire temple, it was subsequently developed and expanded over several different periods. Its construction was first ordered in 807 CE (192 AH) by the Abbasid Caliph Harun Al-Rashid. Under the Seljuk leaders (1038-1194), two iwans were added to its north. 

After a renovation in the eleventh century, the twelfth century saw the construction of the main prayer hall, a dome, a courtyard, and a religious school. Under the Safavids (1501-1732), the southern and western iwans and arcades were added, and the Qajar period (1779-1924) witnessed a major renovation and expansion.

The mosque follows the four-iwan typology; each iwan is centered on a large courtyard with a central fountain. This courtyard is one of the largest mosque courts in Iran, measuring nearly four thousand square meters. Its two main prayer halls are located along the north and south sides of the court. Two narrow arcaded halls, five meters wide, run along the east and west.

The mosque is constructed of brick, which is clad with tiles and inscriptions in some areas. The main prayer hall is the most ornamented part of the mosque. Both its mihrab and minbar are made of stone, and the upper part of the walls is ornamented in different floral patterns and small polychrome tiles.

Half-dome roofing the south iwan also has a double-shell structure. The two northern minarets are clad with colorful tiles in floral patterns. The interior of the iwans is decorated with muqarnas; in the north iwan, these muqarnas are stuccoed, while those in the southern iwan are of exposed brick.

The historical monument was inscribed on the national heritage list in 1921. 

In Islamic countries, the Jameh mosque (in Persian Masjed-e Jameh) is referred to as a large center of community worship and a site for Friday prayer services.

ABU/AFM 


 

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