Historical relics discovered in ancient Iranian port being documented

June 22, 2022 - 17:8

TEHRAN – A team of archaeologists and cultural heritage experts have commenced a project to study and document the historical relics discovered in Siraf, southwestern Bushehr province.

All historical pottery pieces, as well as stone utensils and glass and gypsum relics, are being organized, studied, and documented, CHTN quoted Mehdi Azarian, the director of Siraf national heritage site, as saying on Wednesday.

Last week, the official announced that archaeological excavations in the Sassanid-Islamic port of Siraf have uncovered some torpedo-tip jars, which were used to transport liquids from the Persian Gulf to other parts of the world.

“Specimens of the jars have previously been found in ports of India and Sri Lanka,” the official said.

“Moreover, similar jars, which bear inscriptions in Sassanid’s Pahlavi language, have been discovered in Thailand.”

Back in May, an archaeological team commenced a field survey to shed new light on the maritime heritage of the Sassanids across Siraf located on the north shore of the Persian Gulf.

The majority of excavations have been carried out in the historical core of the port city near its Jameh mosque and ruined fortresses, Azarian said.

Situated in Bushehr province, Siraf was Iran’s most important port from the Sassanid period to the 4th century AH. It bears plentiful evidence of Persian mastership and genius in seafaring, international relations, and interaction with other near and far cultures and civilizations.

Between 1966 and 1973, the British Institute of Persian Studies conducted seven seasons of excavation and survey at Siraf, which was a major city on the Iranian shore of the Persian Gulf that played a leading role in the network of maritime trade that supplied Western Asia with the products of India, the Far East, and Eastern Africa between 800 CE and 1050.

The ancient port had a population of about 300,000 during the early Islamic era and this fact shows that it was a large city. However, today, just about 7,000 people live in Siraf in a small area.

Bushehr is home to several ancient ports including Siraf, which Iran seeks to register on the UNESCO World Heritage list. Moreover, Bushehr is one of the most significant historical regions along the Persian Gulf, embracing significant monuments from the Elamite, Achaemenid, Parthian, and Sassanid eras.

Mosques, mansions, towers, fortresses, castles, and gardens are amongst the ancient gems of Bushehr, which is also home to various archaeological mounds including Tall-e Khandaq with Sassanid architectural style, Tall-e Marv located near an Achaemenid Palace, and Qajar era Malek al-Tojar Mansion.

ABU/MG
 

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